Administering First Aid out in the wild: a know-how!!



The chances of injury – minor or even some major ones- are increased manifold when you are camping out in the wild. The problem can be managed with a bit of prompt preparation and organization, but life is never without its fair share of risks and injuries. So what do you do then?

Simple, you administer first aid and make a move to the nearest emergency clinic/meds, depending on the intensity of injury.

Here’s helping you with the basics…

What to remember when it comes to a First aid kit?

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  • Make sure it is lightweight.
  • It should be waterproof.
  • And it should have all the basic meds necessary.
  • This includes your personal medicines as well, like your anti-allergic meds.

Make sure that your kit contains an inventory, or you might be looking for important meds only to discover that you have left them at home….

And read up on the purpose of each of the items in the kit, so that you’re not at a loss when the need arises.


“In any Outdoor Activity, the risks of getting injured are increased compared to day-to-day city life. Knowing the First Aid Basics and how to prevent, diagnose, and treat the possible injuries is essential for your own safety and the safety of your group.”


Administering First aid

Bleeding from wounds

Bleeding from a wound can be either external, or internal.

The means of dealing with them is different.

The first step is to reduce panic and calm down. Once you’ve done that…

For external bleeding:

1.    Place a clean cloth over the wound and apply pressure firmly. If the blood soaks through the cloth, don’t try and replace it. Instead, add additional cloth. Apply pressure for around 7-10 minutes.

2.    If possible, raise the wounded part and position it above the level of the heart.

3.    Apply pressure on a pressure point on one of the major arteries using your fingers, hand or even the heel of your foot. Apply pressure on the artery between your fingers and the bone situated behind the artery.

4.    If nothing else works, apply a tourniquet.

5.    Get the victim to medical professional as soon as possible.

Internal bleeding is difficult to recognize so look for any of the following signs:

  • Patient going into shock
  • Vomiting blood
  • Coughing up blood
  • Blood present in the stools or urine
  • Blood from either the ears, nose or mouth
  • Abdominal swelling and/or pain and tenderness
  • Skin paling significantly
  • Abnormal thirst
  • Possible restlessness, apprehension and mental perplexity

For internal bleeding:

1.    Make sure the victim lies down flat with his head elevated.
2.    If the victim vomits, turn his head sideways.
3.    Keep the victim covered and comfortable.
4.    Check the victim’s vital stats
5.    Call and wait for the medical professionals to arrive.

Sprains and Strains

First things first, make sure you assess the injury first, and proceed to administering first aid on the basis of your findings…

Ask the patient:

  • Did the victim hear a “snap” or feel the breaking of a bone?
  • To look for any visible deformities.
  • Any signs of hemorrhaging?
  • How about increased joint slackness of the injured body part?
  • Is he able to move the injured body part?
  • Is there pain, if yes, how bad is it?
  • Is there any discoloration in area and the swelling?

Do the following:

1.    Make sure that the victim does not move the injured body part.
2.    Use a splint to prevent further injury.
3.    Elevate the injured part if possible. This will reduce the swelling by draining fluids from the injured area.
4.    Try and apply ice to the part, but don’t apply it directly on the skin. It numbs the pain.
5.    Compress the injured part with elastic bandages. Make sure not to cut off circulation.


Fractures and splints

Check for the following:

  • Enquire if the victim heard or felt a bone snap.
  • Is the victim able to move the injured body part?
  • Check for deformities/swellings/discoloration.

Do the following:

  • Don’t apply too much pressure on the wound to stop the bleeding, if any.
  • Cover the wound with a sterile pad. If you don’t have it, try a cloth.
  • Never try to re-align the bone yourself and don’t even put any pressure on it.
  • Keep the victim safe and comforted.
  • Do not move the victim too much, instead wait for medical assistance.

Apply a splint:

  • Find a rigid object that is longer than the injured bone. Use this straight object as the splint.
  • Cover the broken skin with a sterile cloth.
  • Tie the splint with a tape or rope. Make sure it is tight but doesn’t cut off blood circulation.
  • Place an ice bag over the splinted break area. Use a makeshift ice bag with a cloth.

 Heat strokes and hypothermia

For heat strokes, or heat exhaustion, rest in the shade. If it is a case of hypothermia, get medical assistance immediately!

Now that you know how to administer first aid on a hike, you can rest assured that if the need arises, you will just be fine. Have faith and happy hiking!! 

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